An Introduction to Clinical Research Studies


Clinical research studies are conducted to evaluate new medical treatments, such as new drugs or new combinations of drugs before they are approved for use by the general public. The purpose of clinical research is to determine whether a new medical treatment is safe and effective, says the supervisor  Dr Francene Gayle.

Clinical research studies are conducted by pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations (CROs), and academic institutions, such as hospitals and universities. Pharmaceutical companies conduct clinical research to develop new drugs or to determine how well a new drug works in people.

CROs are hired by pharmaceutical companies to conduct clinical research studies on their behalf. Academic institutions conduct clinical research to advance medical knowledge.

How Do You Become a Participant in a Clinical Study?

You may be able to participate in a clinical study if you have a specific medical condition that the study is designed to treat. To find out if you are eligible to participate in a particular study, you will need to talk with the research staff.

They will give you information about the study, such as the purpose of the study, the eligibility criteria, and what procedures will be involved. If you are interested in participating, you will be asked to sign an informed consent form.

What Kind of Information Will the Research Team Need from You?

Before you can participate in a clinical study, the research team will need some basic information from you, such as your name, contact information, and medical history. They may also need to take some blood or urine samples. If you are taking any medication, you will need to tell the research staff about it.

What Happens During the Study – from Screening to Follow-up?

After you have been screened for eligibility and given your informed consent, you will undergo what is called a baseline assessment. This may involve tests such as physical exams, blood tests, and X-rays.

Once the baseline assessment is complete, you will begin receiving the treatment being studied (for example, a new drug). You will be closely monitored during the study so that any side effects can be detected early and treated appropriately. Once the study is completed, you will have a follow-up visit with the research team.

The rights of a participant in a clinical trial

As a participant in a clinical trial, you have certain rights under federal law.

These include the right to:

  • Be informed about the risks and benefits of participating in a clinical trial.
  • Receive care that meets accepted standards.
  • Be treated with respect and dignity.
  • Choose whether or not to participate in a clinical trial.
  • Authorize someone else, such as a family member or friend to make decisions on your behalf
  • Withdraw from a clinical trial at any time
  • Receive confidential treatment of your personal information
  • Be compensated for participating in a trial
  • File a complaint if you feel that your rights have been violated.


Clinical trials play an important role in developing new treatments for medical conditions. If you are considering participating in a clinical trial, it is important that you understand your rights as a participant. Talk with the research staff about any concerns that you may have before making your decision.

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